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4 Exercises To Prevent Sarcopenia

Resistance Exercise Program for Preventing Sarcopenia

We’ve created this home exercise programme to help you prevent effects of age related muscle loss and sarcopenia.

Frequency: Perform the following exercises 2-3 times per week, with at least one day of rest between sessions.

Warm-Up: Start with a 5-10 minute warm-up of light cardio (e.g., brisk walking, cycling) to get the blood flowing and muscles ready for exercise.

1. Sit to Stand Squats

Target Muscles: Quadriceps, Hamstrings, Glutes

Instructions:

  • Sit on the edge of a sturdy chair with feet flat on the floor, hip-width apart.
  • Cross your arms over your chest or extend them in front of you for balance.
  • Lean forward slightly from your hips and press through your heels to stand up.
  • Slowly sit back down, controlling the movement.
  • Perform 2-3 sets of 10-15 repetitions.

Modifications: Use a chair with armrests for additional support if needed.

2. Push-Ups (Modified)

Target Muscles: Chest, Shoulders, Triceps

Instructions:

  • Start in a plank position with your hands slightly wider than shoulder-width apart. For a modified version, place your knees on the ground.
  • Lower your body toward the ground by bending your elbows, keeping your body in a straight line from head to knees/toes.
  • Push through your palms to return to the starting position.
  • Perform 2-3 sets of 8-12 repetitions.

Modifications: Perform against a wall or with hands elevated on a bench for an easier version.

3. Dumbbell Rows

Target Muscles: Upper Back, Biceps

Instructions:

  • Stand with feet hip-width apart, holding a dumbbell in each hand, palms facing the body.
  • Bend at the hips slightly, keeping your back straight and core engaged.
  • Pull the dumbbells towards your hips, squeezing your shoulder blades together.
  • Slowly lower the dumbbells back to the starting position.
  • Perform 2-3 sets of 10-12 repetitions.

Modifications: Use lighter weights or perform the exercise seated with a resistance band.

4. Standing Calf Raises

Target Muscles: Calves

Instructions:

  • Stand with feet hip-width apart, using a chair or wall for balance if needed.
  • Slowly raise your heels off the ground as high as possible, feeling the contraction in your calves.
  • Hold for a second, then slowly lower your heels back to the ground.
  • Perform 2-3 sets of 12-15 repetitions.

Modifications: Perform with one leg at a time for an additional challenge.

Cool-Down

End each session with a 5-10 minute cool-down of gentle stretching, focusing on the muscles worked during the exercises.

Notes:

  • Always listen to your body and avoid any exercises that cause pain or discomfort.
  • Gradually increase weights and repetitions as you become stronger.
  • Consider consulting with a fitness professional to ensure proper form and technique.
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